What are the Stages of a Class Action Lawsuit?

Learn about all stages involved in class action lawsuits including investigation stage, pre-trial stage, settlement stage and appeals stage.

What are the Stages of a Class Action Lawsuit?

Compensation falls within the framework of talks to reach an agreement. At this stage, the plaintiff will fight for a fair refund to reconcile the problem that they and other members of the group suffered. Any case in civil litigation begins with the investigation stage. A private investigator could be involved.

Your lawyer will handle this part of the process. They will decide what to investigate and how to obtain the necessary evidence. The main purpose of this part of the process is to find evidence that supports your version of the argument. This can include things like forensic testing, medical records, and informal interviews with witnesses.

Both parties involved in a lawsuit must file arguments. The pleadings are initial documents that explain the basic arguments on each side of the legal question. This includes two parts, the complaint and the response. The pre-trial stage consists of meetings and negotiations between lawyers on each side of the case.

Many times, a settlement will be reached during this pre-trial period. Once the trial begins, either party argues their case in court. This could include only one judge (a trial without a jury) or a jury (a jury trial) can also participate. Before the trial, both the plaintiff and the defendant submit reports to the judge. These documents set out the arguments they will present and the evidence that will be used.

The settlement is the final outcome of a case. In civil cases, this is usually a sum of money that the losing party pays to the winning party. Once the judge makes a final judgment, the agreement is due to the winning party. However, there may be some problems in obtaining this agreement, during which the winning party may request the collection or execution of what is owed to them. If any party to the case is not satisfied with the outcome of the trial, you have the right to appeal.

Generally, either party has 14 days after the date of the decision to file an appeal. The decision will go to a higher court and the arguments will be presented along with a record of the evidence to the appellate court. In such a case, the appellate court generally only seeks any legal error that could change the outcome. A member of a group can only initiate a class action lawsuit with the court's permission obtained by hearing a motion for authorization to initiate a class action lawsuit. A case is considered an “alleged class action” until a judge confirms its qualification as an appropriate class action. In any case, if the class action lawsuit is successful, the advances of funds provided by the Fonds d'aide aux recours collectifs must be reimbursed against the compensation.

A class action lawsuit is a legal procedure that allows a member of a group to initiate a lawsuit on behalf of other members of the group. For example, one could imagine distributing the rest of the amount recovered in a class action lawsuit filed by shareholders among associations dedicated to protecting investors. Once authorization for the class action has been granted, notices should be published informing members of it. Therefore, it ensures that defendants sentenced to pay compensation do not benefit from low claim rates and keep what remains.

The vast majority of people who participate in a class action lawsuit simply have to fill out a form and attach certain documents to it to ensure they can collect amounts they might eventually be entitled to through a favorable judgment. The notices mainly describe who is on whose behalf it has been authorized, what outcome is sought by it and how one can exclude themselves from it. The new balance of power created between members and defendants combined with inevitable media coverage these lawsuits receive generally increases chances of reaching an out-of-court settlement. How plaintiff's lawyers are paid is generally main advantage for members.

A class action lawsuit allows one member of group to initiate it on behalf of entire group without obtaining permission from each member. This pre-lawsuit stage itself is selection process by which court ensures planned class action meets well-established criteria.